Urinary incontinence is a periodic or permanent involuntary urine leakage.
Women over 35 suffer from this disease mostly and most often in the postmenopausal period. In men, urinary incontinence occurs much less frequently. I t occurs usually due to an operation on the prostate gland.
Bladder neck sclerosis is a narrowing of the clearance of the bladder neck, the anatomical zone bordering the urethra.
This disease does not occur in women, and in men it develops as a result of a long-lasting inflammation of the prostate. The inflammatory process moves to the bladder and causes a narrowing of the clearance of the bladder neck, which makes it difficult to urinate.
Bladder cancer is one of the few cancers with reliably known risk factors. Work with aniline dyes, contact with gasoline combustion products, chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder (cystitis), the presence of other cancers, and genetic susceptibility increase the probability of incidence. Smokers get sick 5 times more often, having experience of smoking increases the risk. The peak of incidence is between the ages of 50 and 80 years.
Bladder stones are foreign structures in the bladder that make it difficult to urinate.
In most cases, bladder stones are formed in elderly age. It is the secondary problem which occurs due to poor outflow of urine in the benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer, urethral stricture, etc.